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  1. 36 likes
    Now that I'm done with my History finals (which I've been panicking so much about for the last few months) I'm going to procrastinate by writing some tips on how to do well in IB History while trying not to repeat things that have been said in previous posts on the forum too much. The historical investigation I wrote my historical investigation on Ancient Rome and regret it somewhat, although I did find it interesting. Unless you are very much into history as a subject (and even then), doing your HI on a topic that somewhat interests you and is likely to be of some use in your exams is, I think, the best option. This is simply because having spent so much time on your HI, you can probably spend a lot less time in general on revision of that topic, cutting your study time by a lot during what will probably be the busiest time in your IB years, the month or two leading up to the final exams. Don't spend too much time on the HI and also don't get stuck in refining small details - same advice goes for all IB assignments. Don't underestimate its importance, either - it is worth 20% (or 25%) and could potentially save your grade in case the finals do not go according to plan. Make use of the resources in this forum, including examples. Also, keep a very close eye on the marking criteria when finishing work; you should aim to achieve the highest one in every aspect. The same advice goes for your EE if you choose to write it in History; although in this case, choosing something you're passionate about and actually want to research is much more important than for the IA which is comparatively simpler and shorter. The essays There's a number of important points concerning essays. There's plenty of good resources for actual essay writing both online and in here, so I won't go into that. Some history specific tips follow... The subject reports for history seem to indicate that a thematic approach is preferable to a chronological one. This means that, for example, if you're writing an essay on Hitler's successes and failures, you could have body paragraphs for political, social, cultural, economic, and foreign policy, rather than going through everything he did from 1933 to 1945. Be as analytic as you can make doing so very explicit in your essays for the benefit of the examiner. Some ideas to show analytical skills: Refer back to the question at the end of every paragraph you write. The last few sentences should sum up why, how, and to what extent the things you introduced are significant to the question. Use connectors of addition and contrast such as "however", "on the other hand", "in addition" to make it very clear that you're analysing. Examine causes and effects for different groups of people. For example, in a Hitler's successes essay, you could discuss the point of view of supporters of liberal democracy, the population, the state, and Hitler himself, and make it clear that this wasn't necessarily the same thing. Define the terms used in the question in your introduction (eg ideology) as well as the scope if you're responding to a more open-ended question. Challenge the assumptions in the question if there are any. For example, if you need to discuss the conditions in the rise to power of two leaders, you can briefly say that the methods were perhaps even more important in their rise to power. This should not, however, be a major point in your essay! If you can use actual figures or specific primary sources in your essay, that's great. Memorising them in large quantities and for everything, however, is probably not worth the time. Dates are not very important; it is important to know the broad chronology of events, but not the exact dates! So you should learn years for most things, and months for some more short-term issues (eg. collapse of the Provisional Government in 1917 or the 1945 Cold War conferences). You can place events in context by, for example, discussing the events in the long-term (for example, when discussing the Russian revolution, you can say that WWI was particularly problematic for tsarism since the Romanov dynasty had linked itself greatly to military success) or discussing events in other places at the same time (once again, when discussing the Russian revolution you can say that it may not be surprising that the tsar was overthrown as WWI tended to illegitimise rulers all over Europe and even regimes where the social situation was much more stable pre-1914 collapsed as a result of the war). Also see the section below for historiography! Effectively using historiography When making notes, include a couple of historians for every subtopic, especially those which are more likely to come up in exams (for example, for the Russian option, Alexander II and the revolutions). Make little lists such as: It's pretty easy to find summaries of historians' views on the internet or on this forum, so use them to your advantage. Saying that, there's no substitute for actually reading proper history books at least for the topics you are focusing on. It helps you gain an understanding of the nuances of the events in question and also a deeper grasp of historiography which should show in your essays. This is especially true if you're aiming for the higher mark bands (although it is perfectly possible to get a 7 without wider reading). Shorter works eg. Pipes' Three Whys of the Russian Revolution give you a lot of benefit for a small investment in time. This also helps you see the kind of style you should aim for in essays. Although style isn't something you should be particularly concerned about, assessment in history will always be in some ways subjective; it might help you score a few extra points! Integrate the historians well in your essays and critically examine their views. Try to refute them if you can using facts. For example, for the above Soviet view, you could refer to the results of the Constituent Assembly elections following their coup, where the Social Revolutionary party won twice as many seats. Historiography should complement your facts, but it's in no way a replacement for them. In any given paragraph, roughly 50% should be facts, 30% your own analysis, and less than 20% should be historiography. Also show an awareness of the factors that affect history writing. So for example when discussing a Soviet view you could refer to state pressure and political ideology; when discussing the view that Hitler was the "Master of the Third Reich" (Bullock) you could refer to the experiences of the victims of the Third Reich and perhaps the fact that emotional and historical distance hadn't had the time to develop. Revising for the final exam and the exam itself HL History is probably one of the most time-consuming subjects to revise for since you need to have a good grasp of a large quantity of events and also a fairly good depth of information. You should not study everything you've gone through in class. The smart thing to do is to use a combination of past papers and the syllabus to determine what you should study. If your teacher has planned the course well (and even if he/she hasn't), there should be a considerable amount of overlap; for example, the paper 1 topic Peacemaking, Peacekeeping, overlaps to some extent with the Causes, practices, and effects of war in paper 2, and the interwar years topic in paper 3. Naturally, you should choose the topics with the most overlap to minimise work and maximise grades. Focus on the questions that come up a lot (such as Alexander II, origins of WWI and Cold War, and the Russian revolutions), but also ensure that whatever the combination of questions, you can answer at least the minimum required amount – you might get very unlucky. When considering what you should revise, it might be helpful to keep your own interests and strengths in mind. I am, for example, terrible at memorising practices of war since I have no interest whatsoever in military strategy or weapons... So I decided to skip that entirely for my final exams. I've mentioned notes (see this topic by Julie especially!) a couple of times above. You should have your class notes, but actually rewriting (and expanding) them while keeping the points above in mind is a good way to revise. Markschemes for past papers show the kind of things you should have knowledge on for every topic. As for all subjects, make yourself a schedule to make it easier to keep up with revision. At the point where you have a good grasp of the facts – which should ideally be no less than a week before your history exams start – the thing to do is to start going through past papers and writing as many essays and essay outlines as you can. This should be done using the actual timing, so about 45 minutes per essay. Aim to do at least one essay on every topic that is likely to come up. If your teacher is nice, he/she’ll give you comments on essays even during the study break. During the exam… Try to relax and breathe. Have a sip of water Use the reading time to your advantage. Read through all questions (and the sources in paper 1). Decide which ones you’ll write essays on. Start mentally planning the first one if you have any time left over. Writing essays against the time limit while revising also lets you know the way you work the best. If you need to plan, do so, as it is 5 minutes well spent. Keep up with the time limit and keep an eye on the time. Having three essays worth 15 points is better than having two essays worth 20 points and one introduction. If you get lucky and get a question that you find easy, I’d say it’s better to leave it last. This is for two reasons: first, you’ll be tired at that point, and writing on an easy topic will be easier for you; second, if you find that you have more time left than the 45 minutes you’ve planned for, you can use it to your advantage more efficiently by using more of your knowledge (rather than starting with that and finding yourself in the scenario above)
  2. 36 likes
    The best part about this is that you recognize that you are struggling. Lots of students don't get around to this realization (or choose to ignore it) till about 3 months before the exams, and by then a high score is impossible due to the bad IAs, terrible EEs and rather blasphemous ToK work. Many of us had trouble with IB at the start - its not the easiest program to excel in constantly. It's important to make a conscious decision to do well in the IB. As in, tell yourself "okay I am going to achieve 45 points". Then, tell yourself why. Why do you want to get a good score? Is it to show off to your friends? To get into a good university? Mine was that I wanted to walk between the dreaming spires of Oxford. To feel the place in slightly chilly air, at night, strolling through what is one of the prettiest places ever. Yes, of course to a Singaporean kid like me, all I knew about Oxford was from TV, youtube and some online forums. I'd never experienced anything even close to it, but it's the inspiration I drew from it that counts. Once you've got that core inside you, every time you feel like faltering in your IB journey, refer back to it. It helps if you've got a few songs that you associate with that feeling. Jamiroquai's "High Times" does it for me Now onto the gritty bits. I will answer this with Math HL and econs. 1) Hopefully, your holidays are coming up. This is your chance. For each of your subject, catch up on work you're behind on. You haven't said what subjects you're doing, so I'll use Math HL as an example. Let's say you've done the first 7 chapters so far, and you've got about negative six percentage knowledge in them. Now's the time to start from chapter 1 example 1.1. Work through each and every example, and then each and every practice question. They serve three purposes: to "Internalize" basic processes in that topic, to make you expand your knowledge by forcing you to think with slightly interesting questions, and to draw links to other topics. Do this for every chapter you're behind on. The process will be slightly different for each subject - econs, for example, make notes. Draw up lists. etc. Once you are up to date (and this will take up most of your holidays), you can now have a fresh start. No more procrastination, handing in terrible work, falling asleep in class, etc. Here's what you do with your fresh start. 2) Stay awake in class. Listen to your teacher. He or she may be the most boring person in the world, but they are still a teacher. There will be some gold nuggets in that mountain of crap. This is assuming that your teacher is terrible. If you have even a halfway decent teacher, hang on to their words like your life depends on it. There will be some very useful things they will have to say, and this will reduce your own workload by at least 50%. 3) Go home and review what you learned in class. Do this everyday after school. Did you learn about elasticities in econs today? Good. Go home and read the chapter again (you just learned it so re-reading will be super quick). Do some of the practice questions in the book. I don't mean write full-blown essays, but just jot down the important points of your answer. These questions often make you actually think about the content which you have learned, which is always a good thing. For math, practice the questions in that topic or sub topic. Do the harder ones and really stretch yourself. Its okay to be terrible at it - put some effort, and if you still really can't get it, go to your teacher the next day. Take the effort to google the content a bit. Lots of times it can be very interesting stuff - Mandelbrot fractals for example, when studying calculus/complex numbers. This really helps to understand the content. You will find that understanding something is about ten times more valuable than just memorising it. 4) Review at the end of the week, and again at the end of the month. I know this seems like overkill, but this is just to make sure you've constantly got it in your mind. This way, you'll get more and more used to it, so that by the end of a few months, you'll be shocked at the amount of stuff you can talk about with authority and style. Honestly. Foreign concepts like Theory of Firm, with its odd graphs and downright strange curves, start to make sense when you constantly try to compare that to real life scenarios, and see how they fit. At the end of each week and month, just read through your stuff again, and attempt exam questions. That's the real test of any IB subject - the exam questions. Especially the trickier math stuff - they really make you think. I don't mean spend all your weekends burning through exercises and exam papers and books. Just do a few questions, keep yourself "warmed up" to the content, if you know what I mean. Constantly do this, and when you do eventually get to the exam period, you'll find revision to be a breeze - after all, you've been doing it for a year and a half already! 5) IAs are a gift - get 25/20. Yes, get beyond full marks. IAs are IB's consolation prize to students. Sympathy marks. However, do not take them lightly. They can make or break your 7. Get every possible mark in your IA to reduce the pressure on yourself for exams. Start your IAs the day you receive them. With each IA, do the content first. Then, agonize over the details. Make sure everything is perfect. Get all the presentation marks. You should be shot if you don't get them. Grab a copy of the marking scheme (this goes for every bit of work done in the IB), and make sure you hit each and every point. Bang bang bang. They should be like a red flag to a bull (your teacher). Wave each mark/point in front of their face. There's loads of help here on IBS, for all of your IAs. Ask questions here, contribute loads yourself, perhaps even sign up for a VIP membership (the files section is pretty good). Just ensure that your IA is as perfect as you can make it. 6) Get your EE and ToK done ASAP. Once again, you should get all three points here. ToK is the smaller of the two tasks. Get it out of the way as soon as you can. Work hard at both the presentation and the essay. The presentation is especially easy to score well in if you can use the ToK terminology (however contrived it may be) well. EE is a different animal altogether, but choose the right subject/topic and it can be a dream come true. From what my friends have said, economics is the best subject to do an EE in, followed by the sciences. Last in the list are the Arts subjects. Do whichever you want, but keep in mind the end goal. There's loads of advice here on EE and ToK, so I will not go further. 7) T-minus 3 months. Google and find every exam paper for your subject. Ask your teachers if you need. Get it all the way to the session just before yours. Get 10 years worth of papers if you can, but know which ones are your syllabus. You should have been revising using the day/week/month technique, so your subject content should be second nature to you. Really internalized. Spend a week perhaps really hammering home everything. You are ready. More ready than you've ever been in the past one and a half years. Take a math HL paper. Look at the annoying cover sheet and think to yourself, You don't scare me, IB. Now, do the paper. 39/120? Of course you failed. IB papers are notoriously weird/eccentric/drunk. This is when you begin the process of checking each question. Where did you go wrong? Why did you not get this or that. How could you fail so terribly? The answer is that the topics are all linked. Every question is on like three topics, minimum. There's a catch though - lots of questions repeat. Do the same paper, understanding the methods used to solve. Often, you'd have never done questions on that topic in this particular way. Add it to your vocabulary in that topic. Wash, rinse and repeat. Do another paper. Repeat. Repeat. Repeat. By the end of it all, you should be ready to do any question, any paper, any subject. Under a time limit. Possibly with your hands tied behind your back, and blindfolded. You are Tony Montana, your pen is your little friend, and the paper is going to say hello to it (I am sorry if you do not get this reference). 8) Exam technique. You shouldn't have to think about supplies. Have pens, pencils, erasers, rulers, GDC, etc all ready. No brainpower should be wasted on trying to find a ****ing sharpener 2 minutes before the exam. Spend reading time, well, reading. Do not let your mind dawdle, as is likely to happen when you tell it to focus. Grab all the low hanging fruit. Get all the easy marks. About 60% of the Math HL papers should be familiar questions - routine hand movements that you barely even think about anymore. Get all these marks. Do not lose out on even one. Work quickly, but always check your work, after each line. Better to spend a few extra minutes being careful than to lose lots of marks owing to a stupid mistake. Return back to the hard questions, and really think through them. Remember, most of the time a very hard question is simply hard because the trick is hard to spot. But there is a trick. Think of all your basic math rules. Really basic, TOA CAH SOH stuff, for example. If you'd followed my method of revising and practice, you'll have no trouble whatsoever scoring at least 100/120 for your math papers. For econs, lists. Really. Spit the lists back at the examiners, and give them a healthy dose of evaluation. Really dig into the evaluation, give some original ideas, and use examples. Follow the methods outlined above, and you will get your grades, I guarantee you. 9) Crap your pants waiting for your result. 10) Change pants, and collect result. 11) Go have a beer and celebrate. You have completed the IB. On the 8th of December 2013, I landed in London. At 4:15 PM, from Paddington station, I took a train to Oxford. By the time I reached, it was getting dark. At about 6 PM, I got out of the cab near a Sainsbury's. Trolley-bag a-rolling (I'm cool), with Jamiroquai playing on my earphones, I walked in a quaint little town, with the most amazing buildings. Alone, in a new country, with the chilly wind blowing, christmas lights glowing, I found the college I applied to. That walk was everything I'd imagined Oxford to be, and more than I could have ever imagined. For a person who'd grown up in tall narrow buildings, in a sterilized environment, this was beyond words. You will have to put in tons of hard work. There will be doubt, questions, fun photos on facebook that you could've been in, etc. If you have a goal though, and you really believe its worth it, take it from me, stick to it. You will thank yourself a million times over. I hope I've been of help to you, and perhaps just a little bit of inspiration
  3. 30 likes
    Greetings humans. The following are some tips I've compiled in order to make your oral a less painful and rather care free process in which you talk with the examiner (which may or may not be your teacher) about a topic that you have chosen (or not). So here we go with the tips... The Format Alright. The oral for language B consists of 9-12 minutes of you purely talking in your chosen foreign language. Whether it be French, Spanish, German, MAndarin, etc. the list goes on and on, the format will mostly be the same. (Unless I'm delusional in which case it isn't). It is also divided into three 3-4 minute chunks. These 'chunks' if you will each have a different component to them. Chunk #1 So you sit down you say your name and candidate number. And then you start. This part is 3-4 minutes wherein you provide some background information about the subject you have chosen. Let's say I was doing my Spanish oral and I wanted to do it on the concept of the siesta. Alright so in this portion I would talk about the siesta, what it is, where it is practiced, when is it, etc. So the basic who what when where. Don't try to be too specific and don't try to be too deep. I know IB has made us robots and that "everything must be deep". But don't do it! There's time for that later . Tips for this chunk: Don't memorize your presentation: Just don't do it. NEVERRRRR. Now reread the last sentence. Here it is again. NEVERRRR. The examiner and the grader will know when you've memorized your presentation and they will dock points. Dock I say, DOCK! So just don't do it. Instead know what you're going to talk about, and say it. Don't memorize every single word you're going to say because if you happen to miss a sentence it'll trip you up like no other. Just be natural and if you have to pause don't insert space fillers such as "uhm" "ah" "oh" "ee" "oo" "eek" "omg" "gasp" you get the point. Just let it be silent for a few seconds while you recollect your thoughts and then continue like nothing happened. Also I would suggest using the formal conjugation of all verb tenses. Your teacher (like mine) may allow you to use the informal tense. No. I don't think the graders like that. Finally, stay on track. Don't be so robotic that you have no emotions but also don't be so giddy that you fill the 4 minutes with laughter instead of speech. Always remember to use a variety of tenses and colloquial language. Sprinkle in some idioms and bake at 350 degrees till perfection. Chunk #2 Alright then. You'd think the first chunk would be the hardest eh? Ya no. The during the second chunk, your examiner asks you questions about the topic you just presented. They could transcend cultures and these questions get a lot deeper. For example if you were doing that oral on siesta's your examiner could ask you "How do you think this tradition has affected the psyche of those who practice it" or "how do you think the people who practice the siesta differ from those who do not if at all". You get to improv. Yay! Tips for this chunk: Be prepared. Expect the unexpected. You will not be able to cover all basis. Always remember that the grader, if you are taking a B language, will not expect you to be fully fluent. They will expect pauses for you to think and they will expect that you will not be able to answer some of the more complex questions. If you can, good for you. In the event that you cannot however, there are ways to work around it. If you cannot answer the question asked say "I'm sorry can you reword that?" or "I am not able to talk about that aspect however I can tell you about another aspect...". In the first way, you can backtrack and allow the examiner to ask you the question in a different way while in the second you can avoid the question altogether and talk about something different that you have more knowledge or know how to word better. At the same time you will be showing the examiner and grader that you know how to navigate in a conversation in a language you are unfamiliar with. Let's see what else can I ramble on about in this...Oh! Ok, try to speak about one question as long as possible. If your answers are too short you'll be seen as incompetent but speak too much and they'll think you're rambling. Leave room for about 3 questions and you'll be good.Once again, just act natural (MOOOOO!). Chunk #3 Yayyyy. Now that the hard part is over, you get to have fun. Theoretically...In this section the examiners will ask you questions about your life. Where you want to to go to college blah blah blah. You know the generic type of questions. Another 3-4 minutes will make up 9-12. Tips for this section: Once again, no rambling. Leave room for 3 questions. Use a variety of tenses. If your life is boring and you have nothing to talk about pull a Duy (thats me) and make up stuff. Not outrageous mind you. Just spice up your life with stuff that you'd never do. It's exciting and shows of your vocabulary that you wouldn't use otherwise. So doooo it. Pull stuff out of the air. Dooo it. Thats pretty much it. Keep it consistent and you'll be good for this section. So I hope this helped. That's pretty much all I know. Maybe. I dunno. MAybe I'll add more stuff later...Meh.
  4. 24 likes
    Menu Exam Tips Data-Analysis Questions Revision Links Exam Tips These are some tips to tackle Biology questions with respect the action verbs. (BTW, this is taken from the Oxford Biology Study Guide pp.178). Before we start with this, you need to know that there are three types of examination questions; - Multiple Choice Questions (Paper 1): You choose the answer from four possible choices. Read them all, eliminate any unwanted answers to narrow them down. Always give answers and never leave questions empty. Leave the hard ones till the end and focus on the straightforward ones. - Structured Questions (Paper 2 + 3): Each question is broken down to sections. Answers are written in spaces or on lines. If you run out of space, complete elsewhere on the examination sheet itself, but clearly indicate where you wrote the rest of the answer. In paper 3, you are allowed to have extra paper. The marks are alloted at the end of each question; useful for you to know how many points and details to include in the answers. An example on this type of question is the data-analysis question (beginning of paper 2). It requires you to analyze graphs and compare results. (See Data-Analysis Questions). - Free response questions (Paper 2): These questions require long and detailed answers on lined paper. You are the boss on the style of answer (whether the prose - best choice, tables, carefully annotated diagrams..). Usually the questions will direct you. Sometimes ( Section B ) you are given choices. Read them carefully to choose the question that best suits you and you know you can answer the best. Always follow a logical sequence in arranging your answer and avoid irrelevant information. Try to make your handwriting as much legible as possible. These are the three types of questions. Basically, 50% of the questions require factual recall. So recharge your memories!! . These questions require direct answers start with LIST, STATE, OUTLINE or DESCRIBE. The other 50% invloves expressing ideas that are more complex or involve using your knowledge for things you haven't been taught. These questions usually start with: EXPLAIN - Sometimes it involves giving the mechanism behind things with a logical chain of events. It is a 'how' sort of explanation with 'therefore' being the keyword. However, sometimes it involves giving reasons or causes; a 'why' sort of explanation with 'because' being the keyword. DISCUSS - Sometimes, you have to include arguments for and against something. Try to give a balanced account. Sometimes, you might include a series of hypotheses indicating how each one is without making a final choice. SUGGEST - Mostly never taught. Use your overall biological understanding to find answers. As long as they are possible, they will receive a mark! COMPARE - refer to previous posts to see a detailed explanation. DISTINGUISH - Include only the differences in your answer. Use 'whereas' to help. EVALUATE - Assess the value, importance or effect of something. How useful is the technique/model? What are its impacts on others/environment? Use your own judgment and criticism as long as it's valid and biologically correct. Other action verbs are more straightforward and you'll probably answer them easily. Data-Analysis Questions Ok.. I know many of us suffer from these types of questions (especially me! ). Come to think of it, you have to group some techniques together and practise as much as you can. Practice makes perfect, right? Anyway, these are a few techniques that I guess might help; - Read the question carefully. Underline any keywords in the question (sometimes, there are hidden facts that examiners put to see if you pay attention or not ) - Always underline action verbs in the questions (discussed above). This helps in case you forget or get messed up. Trust me. - Start with the question, see how many marks are allotted and solve accordingly (2 marks > 2 major points in the answer ...etc) - In case of graphs, always read the title of the graph, each axis and its units. - In case of calculations, show your working and always indicate the units. - Study the data presented carefully many times (but watch out for the time). Be familiar with it and start solving. - Practise such questions in your free times. They might really be annoying, but it really helps on the long run. Trust me, again! Revision Links Thought you might want some help with Biology topics, so here are some links to reinforce your knowledge!! CHEMICAL ELEMENTS AND WATER Carbohydrates, proteins and lipids http://www.bbc.co.uk/education/asguru/biol...s_b/index.shtml Proteins http://www.bbc.co.uk/education/asguru/biol...res/index.shtml Enzymes http://www.bbc.co.uk/education/asguru/biol...s_b/index.shtml http://www.bbc.co.uk/education/asguru/biol...s_c/index.shtml http://www.bbc.co.uk/education/asguru/biol...s_d/index.shtml CELL THEORY Prokaryotic cells http://www.omatclasses.com/cellcomparisons/index.html Eukaryotic cell http://www.omatclasses.com/cellcomparisons...lant_cells.html Membranes http://www.wisc-online.com/objects/index_tj.asp?objID=AP1101 http://www.bbc.co.uk/education/asguru/biol...ane/index.shtml Cell division mitosis http://omatclasses.com/cellcycle/ http://www.bbc.co.uk/education/asguru/biol...sis/index.shtml http://www.csuchico.edu/~jbell/Biol207/ani...ns/mitosis.html HUMAN HEALTH AND PHYSIOLOGY The Transport System http://library.med.utah.edu/kw/pharm/hyper_heart1.html Defence Against Infectious Diseases http://www.sp.uconn.edu/~terry/Common/phago053.html NERVE AND MUSCLE CONTRACTION http://www.brookscole.com/chemistry_d/temp...es/muscles.html MEIOSIS http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0072...nimations.html# DNA REPLICATION AND PROTEIN SYNTHESIS http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0072...nimations.html# http://www.wisc-online.com/objects/index_tj.asp?objID=AP1302 http://www.bbc.co.uk/education/asguru/biol...sis/index.shtml http://www.csuchico.edu/~jbell/Biol207/ani...nscription.html Hope they help. Have a nice day everyone.
  5. 15 likes
    As much as I believe in gender equality, I find it hard to accept the term 'feminism' because of the connotation many women have given to it throughout the years. Don't get me wrong, but nowadays there are many women who use feminism as an excuse for a special treatment. Even in my limited experience of things, I've come across many women who were not too scrupulous when insulting the other gender. Why is this acceptable? Does an empowered woman really have the right to pigeonhole all males as "stupid pigs"? Maybe if we started calling it "equality", some individuals would not use it as a justification to back up their actions.
  6. 13 likes
    Okay, lots of questions pop up such as 'what do I need to pass?' or 'will I fail if I get a 2?' and nobody knows all of the exact criteria and conditions so here is a list as published by the IB: The IB diploma will be awarded to a candidate whose total score is 24, 25, 26 or 27 points, provided all the following requirements have been met:a. Numeric grades have been awarded in all six subjects registered for the IB diploma. b. All CAS requirements have been met.c. Grades A (highest) to E (lowest) have been awarded for both theory of knowledge and an extended essay, with a grade of at least D in one of them.d. There is no grade 1 in any subject.e. There is no grade 2 at higher level.f. There is no more than one grade 2 at standard level.g. Overall, there are no more than three grades 3 or below.h. At least 12 points have been gained on higher level subjects (candidates who register for four higher level subjects must gain at least 16 points at higher level).i. At least 9 points have been gained on standard level subjects (candidates who register for two standard level subjects must gain at least 6 points at standard level).j. The final award committee has not judged the candidate to be guilty of malpractice.The IB diploma will be awarded to a candidate whose total score is 28 points or above, provided all the following requirements have been met:a. Numeric grades have been awarded in all six subjects registered for the IB diploma.b. All CAS requirements have been met.c. Grades A (highest) to E (lowest) have been awarded for both theory of knowledge and an extended essay, with a grade of at least D in one of them.d. There is no grade 1 in any subject.e. There is no more than one grade 2 at higher level.f. There are no more than two grades 2 at standard level.g. Overall, there are no more than three grades 3 or below.h. At least 11 points have been gained on higher level subjects (candidates who register for four higher level subjects must gain at least 14 points at higher level).i At least 8 points have been gained on standard level subjects (candidates who register for two standard level subjects must gain at least 5 points at standard level).j. The final award committee has not judged the candidate to be guilty of malpractice.Hopefully this list is useful in answering future questions about how many points someone needs, or whether a certain grade will screw them over or not!
  7. 8 likes
    ...when your parents don't remember learning that in High School (I'm looking at you, Physics) ...when your mom offers to take you out for the weekend and you laugh-cry your way to your room because you know you can't ...when you spend three consecutive weekends working at your dad's office because that's how much work you've actually got ...when you're so stressed that you stress out your parents ...when you get to the end of this list and realize your only friends are your parents...
  8. 6 likes
    Here are some I made a while back
  9. 4 likes
    Tag urself, I'm "crying for no reason".
  10. 4 likes
  11. 4 likes
    I didn't have any of the same subjects as you, but with 4 HL's, I've had to optimise my time management. The backbone of my everyday-work was to go to school attend all classes, and when I went home I did homework rather than scroll through FB. If I'd had classes from 8 to 15, I might have taken half an hour or so to grab some food and just sit for a moment, but then I got going. This left me done with homework and assignments by dinnertime, giving me the evening to go to my free-time activities or just relax, or start the next assignment. It also meant that I could go to bed before 10 each evening, which I made use of, because a full night's sleep is KEY to getting good results while keeping your sanity. Start assignments early. Especially those concerning the language, because here you will have to work with texts. My strategy here was to read the text as soon as I could, because sub-consciously, you will work with it, and when you then sit down a few days later to write the assignment, it will come to you much easier. This counts for every assignment really, start early, because if you then have questions or are confused about something, you have time to ask your teacher, or if you simply run out of inspiration or energy, you can leave it for the day and return the next. I made use of lists on the tight days and during weekends where I had multiple assignments, be they the usual or the IA's. Just writing it down on a little notepad and putting it on the pinboard over my desk, where I could cross tasks of as I went along, was really nice and very satisfying. Finally, the very best tool I used was one I didn't get until the start of IB2, from the people at Lanterna. They showed a picture of a table that I took to heart. It was a table, divided into 3 columns and 3 rows: Urgent Not urgent Much brain power Less brain power I did this on a big piece of cardboard, and using sticky notes I wrote ALL my assignments down and put them on my table according to the matrix it presented: for example would I put a math assignment under "urgent + much brain power" because maths was not my good subject, so that was something I had to prioritise, whereas finishing my artworks went under "urgent + less brain power" because it was easier for me and didn't demand as much from me in terms of workload. This of course you can adjust to your own subjects, strengths and weaknesses.
  12. 4 likes
    when you connect everything to TOK
  13. 4 likes
    Oh and as it seems very relevant to here, I figure I should also point out that one ought not to assume everybody at your interview will know about the IB as much as you'd think they would! I had an interview at for medicine and was asked to prove that IB HL Chem didn't disadvantage me as compared with the A Level Chemistry qualification, as well as explain why I took the IB over normal qualifications (although I got asked that everywhere). I kinda had no clue as to the specifics of the A Level syllabus and ended up rambling about what my teacher had said about further organic making up the organic section and them being more or less similar, but I couldn't explain why, as I was asked. All in all I kinda screwed myself over on that one, ahah. Anyway, it's important to know about what everybody else has done, I think, because there's always the possibility you might be asked to clarify something about the IB and, as it's an obscure course, how it compares to the normal. No point in not knowing it anyway, it really throws you if you haven't a clue!
  14. 3 likes
    Your longest sleep night is 5 hours
  15. 3 likes
    When you laearn so much of a second language that you realize how much of your first language you've been screwing up for years...
  16. 3 likes
    Hey In my opinion a strong mathematics background doesn't always correlate to ability in physics. I'm doing Math HL and have always been very strong at maths, but I find physics to be quite difficult at times even at SL level. Friends who take Biology SL say its not particularly challenging, so I'd go for biology if I was in your position. Definitely not true, there's a reason why grade boundaries for 7s are between 70-80 for most subjects. All the best for your IB journey
  17. 3 likes
    When someone says do you want to go to a party and you say what's a party?
  18. 3 likes
    when winter vacations aren't vacations anymore
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    Well the areas themselves are ok, but without knowing what exactly you want to do, it's a bit difficult to say whether they're fine. I think 3 AOK is rather a lot, I'm not sure if you can cover them in enough depth in 10 minutes. For the WOK, let them come naturally. As you prepare your presentation, I think you will find that you are able to bring in other WOK. If there is no need, 2 WOK is actually enough. Don't force it.
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    I'm female, and I do Maths HL and Physics SL. If I hear one more time from my parents about how I'm meant to be bad at these subjects... perhaps I'll manage to use it as my motivation to do well and prove the stereotype wrong.
  22. 3 likes
    I don't know if this is illegal, but I'd like to share some IOP topics which were really presented by IB students in some schools. The list was collected by my teacher from I don't know where, maybe her friends who are teaching English A1 in other schools, and she gave my class the list to give us some ideas for our IOP. and these are not my presentation topics. However I am not even taking English A1 so I never read these books, and I don't know which of these topics are from which book. But I guess the books used in the topics in this list are: Death of a Salesman, The Stranger, Things Fall Apart, The Glass Menagerie and The Outsider. How much of the author is there in Meursault?How fictional is Death of a Salesman?Did Willy Loman die in vain?Theory of the absurd, expounded as an interview with Camus (the author).The importance of the physical and emotional worlds in The Stranger.The Character of Meursault as an anti-hero.The effects of religion and social expectations on the life of Meursault.Reflections on the American Dream presented as a conversation between Biff and Linda after Willy's death.Death of a Salesman - a mockery of the American Dream.The characterisation of Okonkwo in Things Fall Apart.In depth study of Chapter 6 of The Stranger.Is Willy Loman a tragic hero?How does Camus use the trial of Meursault to show the hypocrisy and injustice of society?Is Okonkwo a hero, or was he the cause of his own tragic death?Escapism in The Stranger and The Glass Menagerie.Theory of the absurd expounded as a role play between Meursault and the chaplain.Exploration of the anti hero in The Stranger and Death of a Salesman.Reality and illusion in Death of a Salesman and The Glass Menagerie.The importance of myths in Things Fall Apart.Achebe's technique for making us sympathetic to the Igbo people.Does Achebe's simple style mean he has written a simple book?Would Things Fall Apart have been better as a first person narrative told by Okonkwo?The significance of women in Things Fall Apart.
  23. 2 likes
    I Know a few people who have had this problem, heres what I suggest that you do: -Look at what is going to be covered in HL Math, What do you already know? What do you have at least some background in? -What Math class are you in at the moment? If you make As or Good Bs you should be fine. -Ask yourself how much time you wish to put into it and how much work your other subjects give. -To Conclude, you need to enjoy the challenges that HL Math will present. _______________________________________________ Ask your current teacher why he/she will not recommend you for HL math. Consult your counselor on you math grades in previous math classes and discuss with them. If you already are finding your current math class very challenging, you may want to take SL because HL is a lot harder than SL and Physics HL is quite a challenge (probably next hardest HL after Math). Another point I forgot to toss in; Do you plan to study a math heavy field? I would assume so based on the HL Physics you listed. Also, if you want to get into a very good university, HL math may help a little bit. ~Hope that helps
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    Like what @kw0573 said, textbook questions and the textbook itself (personally recommend Haese or IBID) are good places to start. IBID gets a special mention as it has more rigorous questions than Haese, albeit the latter is better at explaining concepts. You're going to need to apply a rigorous regime of practice as well. A favorite of mine is to wake up early in the morning e.g. 5:30am and then work towards a goal in Maths e.g. solving ~5 questions or spend 30~min practicing questions of a certain concept. 5 questions doesn't sound too much, but multiply that over an entire semester + holiday break and you would have practiced 5(questions/day)*(30days/month)*7months = 1050 questions. Also keep in mind that most people who found success in Math HL tended to practice Maths for approximately 2 hours a day or even more. Lastly, look up online youtube videos on people solving past Maths HL papers. You get to see their thought processes, explanations, and useful advice.
  25. 2 likes
    Hello! I am a French student doing the IB and I am doing a survey to complete my math studies IA. I would really appreciate it if you could take the time to answer my survey. https://goo.gl/forms/KIMSFSzwaWuudcPz2 Thank you, Thibault
  26. 2 likes
    Thanks for the explanation!! But for the max., I got 21 3*3+2*4+1*4=21
  27. 2 likes
    9a. Use formula booklet to look up the integral (arctan x) and get pi. 9b. f(-inf) approaches -infinity so intergal does not converge because integrand is not bounded. 10. udv = uv - vdu If you look up Gamma function, 10b 10c should match the motivation to define such a function (analytic contiuation of the factorial). 6. Assuming 4 is the max value (question is impossible if at say x=7.5 f(x) is huge number like 9000). Some intuition is needed. If rectangles for Riemann sum goes above the positive curve, you overestimates the integral; if the rectangles are within the curve, you are underestimating.
  28. 2 likes
    First, I am very sorry about your issue. I wish the best for you in terms of social anxiety. Second, there are ways to achieve CAS despite your fears. As said previously, IB requires 150 hours of CAS total, though my school says at least 40 in each category. That means that (at least, for my school,) you could do 40 hours of creativity, 60 hours of action, and 50 hours of service. Every school varies on the per-category requirements, but typically it is still 150 hours overall. The IB requires one of your projects to be a "self-initiated" project, in which you create the activity yourself and go through with it with some supervision (keep reading to see what that means). Though the IB wants variety, they never specify that most of your projects can't be self-initiated, provided that you follow the self-initiation guidelines. (You do have to do at least one project in a group, but that is just one. For the rest, you can find ways of doing self-initiation.) Basically, an example of a self-initiated project would be writing a short story. Say you never wrote stories before and wanted to try. You spend time researching how to write a short story, take notes, make tables of ideas, write a rough draft, maybe have someone look at it, and make a final draft. All the while, you record your hours at home. To keep academic honesty, you have a teacher at your school "supervise" you by continuously updating him/her on your work to make sure you've been going through with it. This could also work with learning how to make a song, draw, make Youtube videos, even create a Minecraft map (yeah I did that back in MYP). In that activity, you wouldn't have to interact with others as much. You could also do things such as start exercise goals and keep track of exercising and have that same sort of supervision technique for action hours. (Note that lots of people have tried counting exercise as action. It's fine, you just need to make sure you are frequently reflecting and writing down goals for yourself.) For service, are there some small activities you can help out with around your school? I got some service hours just by putting the school laptops away after school (plugging them in, reorganizing, etc.), and that required minimal social interaction. See what your school has to offer. Everybody, and I mean everybody, has one category of CAS that they dread. (For me, it's action.) For the ones you enjoy, find activities you enjoy, and don't overpush yourself. I wish the best for you, and I hope for your success in CAS. You got this.
  29. 2 likes
    Hardest tends to be Physics (at least for most) and TOK and, if you are new to French then count this in too. A lot depends on your interests and background, of course, so if you are bent toward the (hard) Sciences then you will only consider it "challenging" at worst than "hard". Hard is usually reserved for those things that we don't like so much or would prefer not to do. Anyway, your course selection looks balanced, so you'll do fine. Just be sure to keep up with tasks and homework. Falling behind in this will make IB really hard. A word to the wise.
  30. 2 likes
    I am not sure about HL Geo but as you say that you have no prior knowledge , I would suggest you to read some basics of geography and gain some knowledge about the subject. The IB DP unlike other curriculum is not assessed by only external examination and it requires you to do IA's for all your subjects. For example, the economics IA requires you to submit a portfolio of three commentaries , each on an article from three different sections of the syllabus. An extended essay of 4000 words is also required. As for difficulty, don't worry too much. Your subjects are manageable.
  31. 2 likes
    Self-taught Literature is only available at SL. You are not required to have a tutor. Languages are listed from p 72-75 of following document: they are mostly European or Asian languages. You may put in a request for any other language at least 18 months before your exams. For the self-taught IOC, students choose 10 passages and IB will pick one with their question for you to answer in 20 minutes preparation and 10 minutes commentary (p 240 241). Coordinator or another literature teacher will guide you in the selection of works and passages.
  32. 2 likes
    Apology accepted You should note that Wharton's B.S. in Economics is significantly different from the typical BA in Economics as offered by all other universities. Wharton's undergraduate Economics is unique in the sense that it is applied economics in business settings, rigorous analytics, and overall designed to net you finance positions in Wall Street, as opposed to the more theory-oriented BA-version (which Penn also offers). They just don't call it a "business" degree since it's perceived as beneath the Ivy League's "liberal arts" curriculum to explicitly offer an undergraduate business degree. It's also why imo taking Business Management at HL won't do you as good as taking a more rigorous HL subject – Wharton's undergraduate curricula heavily centers around quant analysis and they want demonstrated capability of doing so from their applicants; CS HL achieves this goal better than B&M HL. Finally, Wharton at the undergraduate level is as competitive as Princeton/Harvard/Yale etc. Though all also very competitive, they're not exactly at Wharton's level of competitiveness so you might also want to consider Cornell's Dyson for Applied Economics & Management (close to Wharton's level fo competitiveness), Berkeley's Haas (you can't apply directly there though; they only accept students in sophomore year of college so you're going to need to apply to a different major), NYU's Stern, USC's Business School and finally Michigan's Ross. There are definitely other business schools out there and I just can't remember off the top of my head.
  33. 2 likes
    Weren't you just looking for advice on the rigor of your subjects? You got feedback, and you're refuting it – there's no point in looking for others' perspectives if you only seek confirmation of your own beliefs and shun alternating views. My two cents: take CS at HL, and Business Management at SL if you're still keen on keeping the latter. A rigorous course load of reasoning-based analytics is seen as more valuable and challenging than general business studies, especially since you want to go into Accounting/Finance.
  34. 2 likes
    Yes, you should try to incorporate at least (it can be brief, and probably should be) one or two other scholarly sources. I was a bit skeptical of your claim that there wasn't much research, so I took a minute to briefly look into it, and there is some good research out there that you should be able to find. Remember to look using scholarly search engines (or just be good at googling). Don't necessarily search for symbolism. Start with the widest search terms and then select what you like. If you do put in some more work to find some stuff and honestly cannot find anything (remember, the text doesn't necessarily have to be exact same thing thing you're doing. Find a way to make it work), message me again and I'd be happy to steer you in the right direction. Also, I recently listened to the author's acceptance speech of the Nobel Prize in literature and I think it could be instructive *cough cough* for your purposes (IB specifically mentioned in the old guide that authorial statements such as interview were good for literature EE's, but please check the new guide. I don't know if that has changed.)
  35. 2 likes
    Accepting an offer means you are affirming that you will be going to the university where you got the offer from.So if you got offers from a number of Spanish and UK universities, you can only accept for one and doing that naturally means you are declining the other offers from the other universities. More importantly, congrats on your offers!
  36. 2 likes
    Hi guys, it's me again. I have a topic which I hope is going to make some of you interested. So, lately I've been thinking about human existence. As far as we know, there is not a single reason or purpose for us humans to exist. We don't have to do anything, we have free will (more or less), and we do what we want. But why? I mean, why us? Out of all species, it had to be us. We are the most intelligent specimen we know of, and we are self aware. Is it a good thing? We are able to do literally anything we want, yet we are stuck because of technology and laws and whatnot. What's the point in living? The more I think about it the less life seems appealing to me. Family, friends, coworkers etc. - they're all going to die too. And their existence will end too. And they will never find out their greater purpose. But is there even one? Or are we just a biological mystery which has to deal with its own self awareness and agree with the fact that our sole purpose is to survive and, in most cases, reporduce. I have a set number of days left. I might go to uni, get a great job, live a great life, but then I die. And it's over. Nothing. I had no purpose, I won't have a purpose after I die either. Why bother then? Why not just end it now? How can one petty existence somehow influence this huge world and the society? Even if I discovered something, the question of existence still remains. I don't mean to come across as negative. I'm just curious and am frustrated that there's no clear answer. I can't wait to read what you guys think!
  37. 2 likes
    Before you do anything... research is key. Different people work in different ways, but I find that is easy to start with secondary sources and then move to primary sources. There are two advantages: Secondary sources generally give you a broad overview conducive to understanding the topic holistically, and you can generally find references to or even citations of primary sources that will be helpful to your investigation. I'd recommend starting with maybe two books as secondary sources, you'll want to choose ones that cover the topic (bonus points for it they have opposing viewpoints, controversial interpretations, etc... these are things that could make writing the paper easier; but don't worry too much because the most important thing is that you just start reading). Also, you can generally read reviews on a site that's name is that of a famous rainforest in Brasil that will give you a sense of the work (just as a side note, buying the digital book can save much needed time rather than waiting for it to be shipped or available at the library). From there, expand your sources looking at newspapers, memorandums, letters, etc.; all good primary sources. Try not to be too discouraged if things are difficult; starting is one of the hardest parts. Remember, the bibliography of the books you read are your friend. Good luck and godspeed. If you have any more questions don;t hesitate to ask.
  38. 2 likes
    The memes here are so accurate it almost hurts as much as an IA all nighter.
  39. 2 likes
    the weekend is no longer for relaxation but to advance on your extended essay
  40. 2 likes
    Unfortunately, It is a class that really depends on the teacher. And, to put it nicely.... our teachers do their jobs rather poorly. Yes, I said teachers because our teacher changes with the AOK (we have one teacher for one AOK). And our teachers read (I wrote read because it always feels like a poorly given presentation... because it IS) power-point presentation after power-point presentation. No questioning, no explaining, and after usually 10 "sessions", we write a 500- 800 word essay about a quote and discuss it individually. We don't really discuss in class, either (mostly because our two wannabe-philosophers start arguing, which I have to admit, can be rather amusing). So, personally, I am really disappointed with TOK, it had a lot of potential, but was shattered by our school. Don't get me wrong, I'm sure that It can be a very interesting subject. If it is done right, that is !
  41. 2 likes
    What's been said is more or less true - people do badly in Science EEs because so many people opt to do them and generally people just don't do a great job of it. They're not actually hard, they're just poorly dealt with. The trick really is to pick an experiment that you have a complete handle on. You understand what should happen, why it should happen, how to control all of the significant variables, why they're significant variables and so on. People in my school definitely got As for their EEs (although this was quite supervisor dependent) and the trick was doing something totally understandable and straight forward. Most people I know who did successful Biology EEs went with things along those lines - for instance, different antibiotics and how they inhibit the growth of a particular bacterium. We already know how antibiotics work, you can look it up, you can understand it 100%, explain it, design an experiment that easily controls the main variables as the scale is manageable and the equipment does not need to be too advanced and so on. A Biology EE is just a big Biology IA, basically, only one where you actually get quite free reign. There's no need to conduct a difficult experiment - obviously something that's not barn door obvious, but you can have quite a simple methodology My friend who did worse did one testing people's memory - the explanations involved knowing some neuroscience, she obviously didn't know any neuroscience (how can you possibly teach all that to yourself?!) and so her analysis wasn't great and the EE scored poorly. She opted to do it because our more useless Biology teacher suggested it to her - that's where your Supervisor matters! Having done an EE in Biology might help your personal statement but you wouldn't be penalised for not doing one at all. As for the EE, in my opinion you should do it in the subject you are most interested by and enjoy, because you're much more likely to produce a higher quality piece of work as you'll feel more motivated to put the requisite amount of effort into it and squeeze all the facts out. If you don't enjoy doing a History IA, you're unlikely to have the stamina to do sufficient research, reading and so on to write a truly interesting and excellent EE in History. Especially when it's being marked against people who did.
  42. 1 like
    I'm sure universities aren't going to look at TOK and EEs. You can mention what your EE topic was to demonstrate that you have an interest in that field but I highly doubt your offer will depend on what you got for your EE. Also, definitely not worth risking going from a C to a D.
  43. 1 like
    You're right about the universities, I haven't seen many that specifically state which science they prefer over the other, even for the course I want to take, which is psychology. I take HL Biology and it is difficult. I think your choice of class levels are to be suited to the universities you have researched. I don't know much about veterinary sciences but according to the University of Glasgow, you might want to change your Chemistry to HL together with Biology HL. It states that for the Internation Baccalaureate "Chemistry HL6 AND Biology HL6 AND Mathematics OR Physics at SL6. A minimum of 6 points in English at Standard Level is also required." It really does depend on your University of choice's IB requirements. I hope this helped -K
  44. 1 like
    Try using Google Scholar. I typed in the novel's title and results popped up. Just take an argument from one of the papers and either agree with it, disagree wit it, or expand on it with your own ideas and analysis.
  45. 1 like
    Hey! I did the personal project myself, and I know how stressful it can be. Is this for the Academic Honesty form? If so, then you need those signatures, since they will essentially act as your declaration of academic honesty. Is there no possible way you can get those signatures before turning in the paper? Or can you meet with your supervisor now and talk about it?
  46. 1 like
    I'm currently taking Y2 of HL psych. The most marks I've received from an ERQ are 18/22, which in my opinion is okay, it's a seven. In IB psychology, you need to write the essays just as you are told to, and it just takes practice to reach the top marks. You should also note that the grade boundaries of IB psych are quite low, which means you can get a 7 from essays "easily", it is just about remembering all the details to all the studies. When it comes to finals or the end of the term examinations, I would focus on ERQs, they're worth 22 points whereas the SAQs are only worth 8 per each. My strategy has been that I only study one level of analysis properly. As you already know the exam question from the learning outcomes, from the two remaining levels of analysis you only go through the studies that could be in the SAQ questions (look at the command term to find out which SAQs are possible), minimizing the things you need to remember. This allows you to reach for the top marks for all SAQs AND the ERQ without trying to remember every detail of every learning outcome. Then you just need to study the options and the qualitative research chapters. I, personally, focused on BLOA as seemed the most interesting for myself, but I would suggest you to focus on CLOA, as you'll be doing your IA on it. With this strategy, I obtained a 7 from the first end of the term exam (did not include options).
  47. 1 like
    Question 10 again has some simple, straightforward integration, and it has the by parts method that I just demonstrated. Please try to solve that using the above first and if you get stuck, then feel free to ask more questions.
  48. 1 like
    When you procrastinate homework on a forum about school When you go on holiday and still, all you talk about with your friends is school..... When your first thought on holiday is that you now have enough free time to start preparing for non-IB standardised tests/etc.
  49. 1 like
    it should be as close to 15 minutes as possible, yes
  50. 1 like
    if you don't need it and you think that the course will be difficult to the point where you either won't enjoy it or it'll impact the time you can spend on your other subjects, drop it. having said that, chem hl is a really interesting course, so i reckon if you do enjoy it you should stick with it!