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  • Exams
    May 2014
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    Hong Kong
  1. Im pretty sure the rule exists, you'd have to unfortunately work on something different Though, why didnt your supervisor see this earlier???
  2. Yes, you have to mention your KI's throughout your essay's claims and counter claims, but you also have to mention some of these in the intro. The maarkscheme says to include implications of restricting/not restricting methods used to produce knowledge in art & NS. You'd probrarbly get extra marks if you also mention good implications in other aoks, e.g. research methods in psychology. But yes, I didnt do this because I was running out of words and tok can make people very long-winded haha! Two pairs of claims/counterclaims for each AoK is perfectly fine but include two or more examples for each claim/counter-claim. Cultural relativism is also another claim and the counter claim for this would be talking about the dangers of not universalising ethical judgements. It would look sth like this (ive suggested some examples if you want to use them): Intro Ethics- which woks ppl use to formulate ethical judgments Natural sciences methods should be limited (claim): Tuskegee syphilis, airport x-rays, animal research Natural sciences methods shouldnt be limited (counter-claim): Cloning, stem cell research Arts methods should be limited (claim): Degenerate museum, tattoos, Banksy (political-graffiti activist), Ai Wei Wei Arts methods shouldnt be limited (counter-claim): Napalm Girl, Pussy Riot, Banksy, Ai Wei Wei Cultural relativism (claim): ethics is subjective, imposed by variety of cultures. Ethical codes vary depending on culture, no universal ethical codes. Should be universal ethical codes (counter-claim): If there are no universal ethical codes, sceintific research which is not beneficial or has no scientific value, and art that is unethical will get away without punishment. Examples: Nazi experiments. Conclusion
  3. Mine was a Psychology EE: TO what extent does bilingualism enhance executive control functions (ECF) in individuals?
  4. I just finished my essay on this question. I dont know if I did well, but my tok teacher was really good in explaining this. This question is basically asking whether or not ethics prevents the methods used by scientists and artists to produce knowledge. 1. Intro, interpret question/title, raise possible KI's like should we compromise ethics in order to produce useful knowledge? 2. Define ethics and which WoKs are used by people to create ethical judgements. Point out problems of applying ethical judgements universally. 3. Define Natural sciences and which Woks it uses. - First claim should be example(s) of scientific research which uses unethical methods to gain knowledge. Your Tuskgee syphilis expereiment is an ideal example. Give examples of other unethical experiemtns or technology like privacy issues related to Backscatter X-ray scans in airports. - Counter claim- slightly like what you said. Natural sciences nature is to prove & disprove, and this aspect helps it to advance & become more innovative. Examples of research that has contributed beneficial knowledge to produce medical treatments to treat illnesses & reduce human suffering. A counter claim to the x ray scans in airports could be that it helps prevent terrorist attacks/ events that could result in many deaths. 4. Define Arts and which WoKs it uses (language and emotion). - The first claim in this AoK should be an example of artwork that produces unethical knowledge. You could give a specific painting from the Degenerate Museum which expresses sth unethical knowledge and say why it is unethical (e.g it insults German women/soldiers/farmers). Tattoos are another good example. - The counter-claim to this would be that because art involves emotion, it is a form of individual expression, therefore it represents the artists' own views and is not intended for anything else. Give an example of when art has been used to produce knowledge that is ethical, maybe when it has been used to communicate a message to teach people sth. Eg. War art: vietnam war's "Napalm Girl" photo. Whilst people may argue that it is unethical to display nudity, it was one of many documentations of the atrocities being commited in vietnam which helped change US public opinion against the war. It showcased the unjust suffering of innocent vietnamese civilians. Talk about implications in other Aoks and of limiting/not limiting certain methods throughout the essay, personal examples, cultural relativitsm. Hope this was helpful, tried to keep this simple because tok can get overcomplicated & confusing
  5. King George V School, Hong Kong, May 2014
  6. I just want to ask what English are you studying atm. If you're doing English A1, your EE has to be literature based (analysing two or more literary works) If its English B (which I think you are doing maybe???), you have a choice of doing one of 3 categories: Language, Culture & society, or Literature. I'll just assume you're doing Eng B. If this is the case, your topics should most likely fall under Culture & Society. This category is split into 2 sections (A and B) which you have to choose 1. I got this info from a copy of the IB's EE guide Page 33 onwards under the heading 'Group 2' (http://www.1lo.lublin.pl/Nfiles/EXTENDED_ESSAY.pdf) A) essays of a sociocultural nature with an impact on the language The essay should be an analysis of a cultural nature that describes the impact of a particular issue on the form or use of the language.Examples of good EE questions for French B, Japanese B, and Spanish B (The IBO only gave these 3 languages... ) Language French Topic Language and feminismResearch questionShould feminine forms of more job titles be created in French to reflect shifting gender roles?Approach An examination of the linguistic and sociological arguments for and against the feminization of more job titles in French. Language SpanishTopic Language and discriminationResearch question To what extent does the language used by groups of young students from a secondary school in Buenos Aires reflect racial discrimination?Approach A sociolinguistic investigation into the way language used by young people reflects attitudes of discrimination present in contemporary society. Language JapaneseTopic Language for family membersResearch question Does Japanese need new words to describe non-traditional family relationships as society changes?Approach A commentary on how the use of the words "shujin" and "kanai" have changed, together with an examination of the social factors that may require new linguistic terms for family relationships to be created. B) essays of a general cultural nature based on specific cultural artifacts (SEEMS TO BE MORE SUITED TO YOUR MUSIC FOCUS!!) The essay should be an analysis of a more general cultural nature but specific to a country or community where the language is spoken. Topics that are too broad and could apply to many cultures (like globalization, the death penalty or eating disorders) are inappropriate.Essays of a general cultural nature must be based on specific cultural artifacts. Cultural artifacts in this context are understood to include a wide variety of phenomena, ranging from works of fine art to newspapers, magazines andcartoons, to films, television programmes and popular music. Language FrenchTopic Social criticism in the songs of MC SolaarResearch question What is the nature of MC Solaar’s rap critique of modern French society?Approach An investigation into the thematic content of MC Solaar’s songs. Language JapaneseTopic Adverts in the Japanese mediaResearch question How and why do Japanese advertisers use such a high proportion of non-Japanese models in advertising?Approach An analysis of adverts targeted at the youth market seen over a one-month period, together with an analysis of how these are targeted, and possible reasons why the images used are chosen. Language SpanishTopic Representation of women in tangoResearch question Which roles do women play in tango lyrics?Approach A critical and thematic analysis of a corpus of tango lyrics to reveal female rolesI am not familiar with English EE's, but I can definitely advise you to narrow your topic down and keep it simple. My suggestion (it may suck) is to maybe focus on the type of language used in British/American (some english speaking country) media advertising in either TV/Newspaper/Internet advertising of two (or more) genre's of music on a english-speaking country audience since you are doing it as an English EE. The Japanese example on advertising is the most similar to yours, so follow it i guess. I hope I explained this well enough for you to understand how to choose the right topic and not go totally wrong. Pls rmb to do the right EE if you're English A or B.
  7. what are the names of the books/texts you are reading?? IOP's are like oral analyses' of texts, so treat them like one. Presentation makes up just as much as content in terms of marks, so make it as interesting as possible such as: adding effects to a powerpoint presentation, using only images in your slideshow to portray certain emotions, prezi, roleplaying, etc. Creative presentations like these is what makes it 'interactive' because it engages the audience, not just using open-ended/rhetorical questions. Content-wise, start off with the author and his background, putting the work you are analysing into context. Move on into significant themes and then analyse relevant important literary techniques. Make sure they all relate back to the major themes. A very useful thing to mention is structure -this may be more important for poems- but you will have an advantage if you make good points about this because its usually something people don't talk about often.
  8. If you follow APA (which is what you're recomended to follow for psych) you don't have to footnote research studies. This all goes under the section 'References' at the end of the IA. You can footnote references to appendices but its fine if you put in brackets (See Appendix II) after mentioning the consent form or sth in the actual text/
  9. All data you collect from the experiment that has not been processed has to be put under Raw Data. btw do you mean 2,300 data points??? because thats a lot from 5 variations and 5 repeats, but still you have to put everything. Unless you delete some data...lol
  10. You explain it in a really confusing way HAHAHAAHA but I think you mean Languages spoken and ethnicity It is hard to find bilinguals/multilinguals who can speak all their languages fluently, so its better if you just ask how many languages they can speak relatively well (like conversationally).
  11. This topic fits perfectly with psychology! You don't have to change it at all. Gender roles and evolution is also part of the IB psych course.
  12. Yep you can link me the studies, and I think it would be easier and quicker to communicate through messages. Can I just ask when your EE deadline(s) are? ,just so I get an idea of your timeline and that I dont reply too late like this time (haha I was very busy so I forgot to check thiss!)
  13. I'll be glad to help you through this! Psychology has a slightly different style of writing to it, so I can help you get familiar with this. How has your research been? Just for some foundation, psychology is all about investigating human behaviour and how the environment, culture, upbringing etc. affects this, as well as how the brain works biologically and cognitively. There are usually three main components to take into consideration when writing your EE, these are essential: - Concepts/theories (usually formed by a psychologist- whom you will have to state) - Studies (research studies conducted by psychologists to form and test these theories, which can either support or not support it) When writing about studies, you will format it like this: [Aim, method, results, conclusion] For example; Bartlett's (1932) study (AIM) investigated the way memory stores meaningful information, (METHOD) whereby university students/participants read a native american story 'War of the Ghosts' and asked to recall the story from memory over different time intervals. (RESULTS) Findings show that participants stories became shorter and certain parts of the story were altered. (CONCLUSION) Bartlett concluded that memory is reconstructive, and people try to make memories fit into their own personal schema and understanding. - Evaluation -> you will need to evaluate studies that you have described in your essay. Studies that are not described, but stated (e.g. "other studies such as Loftus and Palmer (1974) and Cohen (1988) support this..") don't need to be evaluated. Evaluation is very important because you need to show the examiner you understand the strengths and weaknesses of how the study was carried out, how this could have affected the results and therefore, how this might impact on applications to real life situations. Here is a list of basic evaluations you can use for studies ( i can help when you find specific studies): - Generalisable? If the participants are all male/female/a certain race/age, can the findings be generalised to other people as well? - Ecologically valid? Laboratory studies are done in artificial settings and can affect people's behaviour, therefore it has low ecological validity as it doesnt show how people would react/behave in the real world/ everyday situations. - Ethics? Was the study conducted ethically, without mental or physical harm to participants, were they debriefed, did they give consent? - Applicability- How can the findings from the studies suggest/support a theory or be applied to situations? The basic structure of your EE should go like this: COVER PAGE ABSTRACT (should be done last as this is a summary of what you wrote in your essay, 300 words max) CONTENTS PAGE INTRODUCTION (keep this to 1 page) HEADING 1 (the names and number of chapter headings depend on how you want to structure the essay) HEADING 2 HEADING 3 CONCLUSION REFERENCES Referencing in psychology EE's is based on APA (American Psychological Association) referencing system instead of Harvards. This means you don't footnote your studies and sources, but put them in the last section REFERENCES of your essay. I REALLY SUGGEST YOU FOOTNOTE SOURCES AS YOU WRITE THE ESSAY BECAUSE YOU CAN KEEP TRACK OF STUDIES AND YOU DON'T HAVE TO FIND THEM AGAIN ONCE YOU FINISH -A lot of people didnt do this and spent hours/days to find all the sources they looked through and to also type them properly. You can then copy/paste/ move the footnotes to the REFERENCES section after you're done. Depending on the sources (e.g. online publication, online book, book, magazine etc.) the referencing format will be different. It can be tedious and confusing at first, but do it properly as you go along and you will save yourself a lot of time. This is APA's referencing guide you should look at when referencing. http://www.csu.edu.au/student-services/my-studies/learning/pdfs/apa.pdf Sorry for all these long answers, but hopefully its useful.
  14. I finished writing my EE on psychology just before summer, so hopefully my advice might be some use. Firstly, are you taking psychology for IB? Your topic which was 'Comparing the sleep state theta from a sensory deprivation tank sleep to normal sleep and how similar or different their dreams are' does have some potential, but right now based on what you've said, sounds a lot like a research hypothesis (as if you are going to conduct your own experiment) which you should avoid in an EE. Comparisons between different states is not too suitable, maybe look at effects of sensory deprivation tanks on a behaviour/behaviours? Have you formulated it into a question yet? Like you said, IB's psychology guide states that the EE should be more investigative, so your topic must be/ preferably in the form of a question (e.g. "to what extent...") because you are supposed to answer that question throughout your EE. Since the EE is an essay in which you look into a certain topic in-depth, it would be best to consider looking into topics that you're interested in because this is going to give you the motivation (haha) to get through this 4000 word essay, otherwise you're going into the essay having to do lots of research which you wouldn't really enjoy. You should also choose a topic which has ATLEAST 8 research studies that supports both sides of the argument, otherwise it will seem like it isn't well researched or well established in the psych field yet. Looking at your topic in general, there is no big problem with it being too narrow. Luckily, your topic is not a common psychology EE topic, so you have lots of room to explore here. Based on what I understand from what you have said, you are focusing on sensory deprivation tanks and dreams. To be honest, I just did a quick search of this and there doesnt seem to be many theories or research studies looking at this specifically. I suggest you look at it in a different angle, and to avoid tackling too much of a complicated topic that uses advanced technical language; as the isolation tank/ sensory deprivation tank has therapeutic functions, you should investigate its effectiveness in treating psychological disorders. Suedfeld and Borrie's experimented onthe therapeutic benefits of the sensory deprivation tank resulted in them developing a technique called "Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy" (REST).Maybe you can do further research with this. Go on google scholar when you do this research because you can have a good idea on the amount of research papers that are based on that topic. You can also have back up ideas if this does not work out. Its easier if you search topics by abnormal psych/ developmental psych/ health psych/ criminal psych/human relationships. http://cranepsych.edublogs.org/extended-essay/ee-sample-questions/ I hope this helped.
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