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Found 45 results

  1. Dear IB survival community, I am currently planning my Economics EE. I chose to investigate the market structure of my local coffee shop industry. I think this is a topic which allows for lots of primary research, however, I definitely want to include some relevant secondary sources in my essay as well. My supervisor has told me to look into economic books that deal with market structure analysis. Does anyone have any suggestions for that matter? Or any other useful tips or resources I could use for my essay?
  2. Hello! I am a grade 11 HL History student, and have the task of choosing a topic for both my IA and EE. I am very interested in ancient history, e.g. the Roman Empire, Alexander the Great or the Greek city states - I told my teacher that I would like to write either the HI or EE on one of these (most likely Rome), and she said that the one glaring problem with such topics is the lack of sources and the need to rely on secondary sources, since these events took place thousands of years ago. For those of you who have written either the Historical Investigation or Extended Essay on ancient history, what do you think of this? Is it any more difficult to find good sources than for an event that happened 70 years ago? Did you have enough sources? Thank you!
  3. Does anyone know the creators and origins of these two cartoons about Mao's 'Hundred Flowers' Campaign? I can't find any websites that have them but that also mention the name of the cartoonists and when they were created.
  4. How many sources should you have for a History Extended Essay? How many different factors or reasons should you cover?
  5. So I will be doing my Extended Essay on either China's Cultural Revolution or before it; specifically, either the Red Guard, the Wuhan Incident or the Hundred Flowers Campaign. But I'm wondering where I could find primary sources. Are there any specific websites or books? Any online archives that I could access? Any pictures, newspaper/magazine articles, etc. from the time would be really useful! Also figures and statistics (of anything) would be great, but it's difficult to find them, especially for individual cities. I'm not sure about this, but I think that the Chinese government hasn't actually released any primary sources and so the only ones historians have are diaries, letters, photographs and interviews. I just want to verify this though as I don't remember the details!
  6. Paper 1 The purpose of this thread is to introduce you to Paper 1, the Source Paper. Whether you are taking Standard Level or a Higher Level examination makes no difference as, rather unusually, the sources and questions are the same for both examinations. The reason why I'm doing this is that I've came to notice there's a lot of people here in IBS which don't really understand what's required for this paper. There are three Prescribed Subjects assessed in Paper 1: Peacemaking, Peacekeeping – International Relations 1918–36 The Arab-Israeli Conflict 1945–79 Communism in Crisis 1976–8 For each Prescribed Subject there will usually be four written sources and one visual or table-based source. The length of the written sources does not have to be equal, but they will be approximately 750 words in total (including attribution). A variety of sources will probably be used, taken from a selection of contemporary and more recent material. There should be some background information about the writer (e.g. Professor of United States History at Yale; A Russian journalist). In some cases the sources might have been edited and ellipses (usually seen as three dots – …) will be used when three or more lines of text are deleted. In some sources, alternative words will be placed in brackets, if a word is seen as particularly difficult, e.g. ‘belligerent’ [warlike]. Remember that you can use a simple translating dictionary in many IB examinations and you should ask your IB coordinator if you are entitled to have one. When answering a source paper in IB History, you are essentially comparing and contrasting sources against each other to arrive at a conclusion, which you can justify. In simple terms, you are being an historian. Types of Sources: When analyzing sources, the simplest means are often the best. Try using the ‘five question’ approach, also known as the ‘five Ws’: Who wrote the source or produced it? Origin When? (Origin) Where? (Again, origin) Why? (Purpose) For whom? Who was the intended audience of the source? (Purpose) Photographs: Over time the reasons why photographs have been taken have changed. In the 19th century they were used to record an event, or document how someone looked, almost as if the photograph was a portrait painted by an artist. In many of these photographs the subjects have been posed and, whether we realize it or not, when we know that we are being photographed we change our behaviour or our posture. If, in a photograph, everyone is looking at the camera you can be almost certain that this has been staged. You must remember that the person taking the photograph is not neutral and has a particular reason for taking it. Why is the particular photograph above being taken? What is the photographer trying to convey to the intended audience? What is surprising to IB examiners is the number of times in IB source examinations students write that what a photograph depicts is an accurate representation of the events it is recording. The context of where and when a photograph is taken must also be taken into account when analyzing it. There have always been, and always will be, countries that censor what is published in newspapers or books to rewrite history. Just take a look to the way people use photoshop to manipulate photos right now! However, despite their obvious limitations, photographs do have tremendous value for historians in that they can document particular events better than many other sources. A picture of, for example, Hiroshima in August 1945 after the dropping of the atomic bomb on the city powerfully communicates to the world the devastation and destruction of the city. Cartoons: One of the most common non-textual sources in IB source examinations is the cartoon. This type of source can be challenging to understand. Cartoons refer to something that was current at the time, and if you do not know the context of the cartoon and the events or people to which it refers, then you may not be able to understand its message. Cartoons tend to oversimplify the events they are describing, so may not explain the full reality of events. Finally, of course, cartoonists use symbols to represent the characters or countries they havedrawn. For example, what does this image represent? I think we all agree it represents the soviet union right? Another example would be the grim reaper carrying a scythe to represent death. Guys, in the examination the most probable thing is that we will face some symbols that are not really as easy as understand so yeah, basically, be ready. Posters and Graphs: The most important details about these sources are who made them and for what purpose , although the ‘five question’ approach can also be used. There are many different types of poster: election campaign posters, announcements of concerts or events, propaganda posters, military recruitment posters and so on. Students are sometimes surprised to see statistics and graphs in a history source examination, but it is perfectly appropriate to include this type of source, particularly when dealing with any economic theme. Maps and paintings occur very rarely in the Source Paper, but there is no reason why they could not appear. Maps, in particular, can be used to make a political point rather than simply express a geographical reality. Ask the ‘five questions’ and be careful when analyzing a map. Textual Sources: Textual sources are simply too numerous to list, but the most common ones used in IB History source examinations are books, letters, treaties, diaries, newspapers, magazine articles, diplomatic documents, telegrams, written records of interviews, poetry and speeches. In all cases, the introductory lines at the beginning of the source will give you all the information you need to analyze it. Use the ‘five question’ approach. Do not make comments saying that a source has been translated and therefore we do not know if the translation is accurate. Rarely is this a useful comment to make. Nor should you write that, as it is an extract from a source, we do not have access to the entire source and this is a limitation. Neither of these comments is likely to receive credit. Types of Exam Questions : Questions 1a and 1b: These two parts will be worth a maximum of 5 marks together. Remember that there are 25 marks for this paper and 60 minutes to answer the questions. This means that somewhere between 10 and 12 minutes should be spent on these two parts of Question 1. These questions are intended for you to show your knowledge and understanding of the sources. Question 2: This question is worth 6 marks, so how much time do you think that you will have to answer it in the exam? The wording of Question 2 will be something like this:‘Compare and contrast the views expressed about… in Sources A and C.’In other words, what are the similarities and differences in the way that the sources refer to a particular event? Please note that ONLY TWO SOURCES will be used. This question is intended for you to show your application and interpretation of the source. Question 3: This question is worth 6 marks. ? The wording of Question 3 will be something like this: ‘With reference to their origin and purpose, what are the value and limitations of Source A and Source C for historians studying the policies of Gamal Al Nasser. This question is intended for you to show your synthesis and evaluation of the sources. Question 4: It is worth 8 marks. The wording of Question 4 will be something like this: ‘Using these sources and your own knowledge analyze the importance of the Italian invasion of Abyssinia for international relations between 1934 and 1936.’ This question is intended for you to show your knowledge, understanding, synthesis and evaluation of the sources. Kind of a mini essay. This was kind of a brief summary on what you should expect and be prepared to encounter in Paper 1 guys, study study study study study. I hope it was helpful! Bibliography: History for the International Baccalaureate. Paper 1. Pearson. Brian A. Pavlac. 2006. Sources http://intensecogita...e-history-notes
  7. Helloo!! Could anyone help with an interview template (from trusted sources)? I need it for my WT1..pleaseeee
  8. For my Business Management EE, I have about 19 secondary sources and 1 primary source. However, many things my primary source said, weren't corroborated by any secondary sources. My secondary sources were mostly used to justify solutions and whatnot. My teachers told me that I should have a mix of primary and secondary sources that state the same thing, but I can't find any secondary sources talking about the issues I discussed about the company I chose. My EE supervisor told me this wasn't a problem, but here we are. Could this issue cause me to fail the EE?
  9. Am I allowed to use a source that is used in my History IA in my Extended Essay?
  10. Hey guys, I am writing the extended essay regarding desalination plants (subject: ESS). It is mostly based on secondary sources (statistics), however some primary data will be presented. My problem is that some of the secondary data that I used may be considered out of date as it is from around 2010-2015. Therefore, I sometimes have to compare two different locations based on data from different years (maximum of 5 years difference). Would I loose marks for this? Thank you!
  11. Hello, I was wondering how does the IB check for plagiarism in the Visual Arts course (for the visual content, like photos and images). I take Visual Arts HL Photography, and I am just worried that some of my content might show up online because I tend to publish stuff on Tumblr and such. My friends reblog my content and it's a heavy chain of reblog-repost action. Do you think I'll fail my diploma? It has been getting to me lately. If caught, they do contact you first, correct? I mean, you must be given a chance to explain yourself after all. Someone help out a sister! I can't even focus on my exams...haha
  12. I am doing mathematics for my extended essay and my topic is on Morley's Trisector Theorem, which states that if you trisect the three angles of any triangle, then the resulting intersections of each adjacent pair of trisectors forms an equilateral triangle in the center, deemed the Morley Triangle. My topic is on finding an expression for the area of that triangle depending on the placement of one of the points of the triangle in space, and later find the maximum area of the triangle as the area of the outer triangle extends to infinity. The problem is... I am not sure what to do about my sources. So far, I have one source that gives the proof of the theorem, one that gives the same proof but in a slightly different step-by-step guide, one gives the history of the theorem, and one just introduces the theorem itself. That is four sources, and if I were to include the Calculus Options textbook as a source (which I'm allowed to do but sounds kind of needless) that would be five sources. Is that enough? If that is all I need to do a more or less in depth analysis, is it okay to focus more on my own mathematical skills rather than facts or methods that I see other people doing? If it helps, I have done minor research to see if anyone else has done this topic, and although it has been touched on it has been trivial, so I do not think that those sources would be of much use to me other than stating my justification of my own topic. Please help, because I do not want to get marked down on the "Investigation" category for not having enough sources or not using them effectively.
  13. I'm writing an extended essay on a literary device that Atwood uses in The Handmaid's Tale and The Penelopiad in reference to the latter. There are no outside sources on this device and I have heard or seen no mention of it anywhere after consulting the internet, IB staff at my school, and my (well-read and sharp) English teacher. I'm not going to say the device on here because it would take a lot of explaining and it would dilute the focus of my question -- Because I am writing a literature extended essay on an original idea and its application in one novel without relying on external literary criticism or sources (since there are none), would I be fine with just citing the book and three to four literary device sites (not for the term I'm studying, but for supplementary definitions)? So you know I'm not going to screw up because of the device itself, I should mention that my English teacher thinks my idea valid. I clearly define my interpretation of this literary phenomenon in the introduction and analyze its purpose throughout the essay. You can message me privately if you want to know what it is, but I didn't want it to detract from the focus of the question. Thanks.
  14. Hi all, I know that journals are the best sources for information in terms of psychology ia's, but would it be bad if i cite sources such as: a slideshare that has concise information about the topic simplypsychology.org psychyogi.org A citation/reference used in a wikipedia article? I am having trouble finding free (clear and concise) sources for the studies I will be talking about in my IA (Pickel 1998, loftus 1987, Yuille & Cutshall 1986)
  15. Ok, so I have my Written Task 1 assignment, and I am thinking of either doing a blog or a magazine article. The problem is that I have to list my task in APA-format (as required by my school), so I was wondering if I should list the sources in APA as I would have listed the sources if I was writing a regular essay (using brackets inside the text itself and so on)? I feel that this would look very wrong, but then my teacher said that we had to use the APA format.
  16. I'm currently looking for an article for my international economics commentary and I had a few questions. My teacher isn't letting me use an article from the internet because apparently the IB has a rule saying that only one out of three articles can be from an internet source, while the other 2 have to be from a print source. Is this rule true? I couldn't find anything specific pertaining to sources of articles in the economics guide, so I just want to make sure its ok to use an online article. Thanks guys!
  17. I am doing my Extended Essay in English A, with a focus on unreliable narration in one particular book. However, I'm quite worried about the lack of sources I have. Since it's not a heavily 'research based' paper (which seems kind of contradictory to EE since it is known as a research paper), I only have two/three sources at the moment, (one of them being the novel I'm writing about). I know the mark scheme says "an imaginative range of appropriate sources have been consulted", however this is relatively vague (and understandably so). I guess my question is: is two sources for an English EE an 'imaginative range' or not? Thank you for any and all feedback!
  18. if the statement of the historian is accrutate that we are writing but we forget the ful name of the person. are they going to know if we make up a name or are say a name close to the orginial
  19. Hi there I want to do an analysis of this source for my historical investigation, but I want to make sure it is "appropriate for the investigation" - scholarly enough I guess. The source is a two-volumes book comprising a college dissertation written by a sociologist/educator/social worker for her ph.D in Philosophy. Thanks in advance!
  20. I'm writing my EE right now and there are things which I want to include which come from my own knowledge (basically just stuff that people know, for example "WWII started in 1939"). Can I include it in the essay without a reference? Because I didn't get it from a book or anything, it's just something I already knew. Thank you!
  21. Kirsty2201

    HISTORY IA

    I am trying to find sources for my history IA and I am having trouble finding them. My question is: “To what extent was the Hitler youth significant in the social Nazification of Germany?†I am planing to look at the role of Hitler youth, as well as control over media and the crushing of discontent. My history teacher told us to look for expert historians in that field but even then I cant seem to find anything substantial enough. Any tips or advice would be greatly appreciated thank you!
  22. So I've recently started my IA, and I was just wondering how many sources is a "good amount" of sources to have for this? Hope it's not too much of a dumb question! Thanks
  23. Hello, I searched a bit for books on the internet and came to the conclusion that it does cost quite a bit. So the question came up: How many books do I really need as source material for the EE? What is the limit, the mininum? Honestly I do not know if I will use all of it (9 books in the sum), they do seem as good material though. On what should I pay attention to when searching for secondary literature, books, etc.? I have the same problem for the WA - listed 5 secondary literature right now, hesitant to buy them though because we haven not dealt with the book yet but it seems very interesting (Albert Camus, the stranger) and the other two books that are for option do not attract me very much. Still, if the oral discussion won't go smoothly / good it will be a problem, since I have bought the books but (probaly) won't have a good topic to work on. Should I not mind the price and just go for it? Side-question: I haven't determined what topic I will choose for the EE, made a suggestion to my teacher but changed my mind and want to change it. Neither have I signed the formula for the EE, so I am guessing it will not be a problem? BY THE WAY: The reason I am not just waiting is because I study in a country where getting source material is very hard (in english or german), for the time being however I am in the EU which is why I want to get some books before I leave.
  24. I'm writing my EE in history, it's about the President Nixon's trial after the Watergate Scandal. I don't really know how many sources/different types of sources we need? Like if I use lots of websites, a few different books, a documentary/film, Nixon's tapes (primary), a few different articles (primary and secondary), and the recordings of the televised trials, is that enough? Also any advice on how to make sure my EE is not too descriptive and more analytical? Its extremely hard not to fall back on good old description in history essays
  25. Hey, I need help! I do not know how much citations of other works and opinions of other experts do I have to include in my english b EE, if I analyse use of language via texts! Because I used the method of close-reading and statistics gained from questionnaire forms! Where does the experts opinion come in?
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