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Hello, I have a question about citing sources in the IA. I have always used parenthetical citations and MLA format for the bibliography/works cited. HOwever, all of the IA examples I have looked at use footnotes. Is it okay to use parenthetical citations or do I need to use footnotes?

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It's fine to do parenthetical citations and MLA as long as you are consistent throughout the paper. However, if you're over your word limit and can't seem to get rid of enough words, using footnotes to cite will help you with that since you won't have to use two words on the author and page number every time you cite.

Edited by sweetnsimple786
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It's fine to do parenthetical citations and MLA as long as you are consistent throughout the paper. However, if you're over your word limit and can't seem to get rid of enough words, using footnotes to cite will help you with that since you won't have to use two words on the author and page number every time you cite.

Citations do not count towards the word count. So no matter if you're doing footnotes or parenthetical in-text citation, it'll not count towards it.

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While the works cited list at the end doesn't count, every source I've heard or read says that in-text citations do contribute to the word count. Who knows--rules might have changed this year though. Did your teacher tell you parenthetical citation doesn't count?

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Parenthetical citation? You're allowed to do that? My teacher told us that that wasn't allowed, ever. But okay then.

If you're going to cite, just make it consistent. If you're using footnotes, use footnotes throughout your IA, not just in one part and parentheses in another. Footnotes don't count towards your final word count, and neither does the Works Cited page. Personally, I think footnotes are a better way to go. Chicago/Turabian is most commonly used for historical citations, but again, the important thing is to stay consistent throughout your IA. As long as you use only ONE method of citation, you'll be fine.

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