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Introduction and Abstract

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yes, both are crucial elements.

the introduction is where all of your background info is placed for your paper, as well as your thesis.

the abstract is a synopsis/summary of the entire paper, including your thesis and the conclusion you came to.

(generally written once you've written the EE).

format, as far as i know, should be MLA.

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MLA or APA, either works. Just stay consistent throughout the entire essay.

You do need both. An introduction is a lead in to your major points. The abstract will be ~3500 words smooshed into 300 :) In orther words it's a VERY brief summary of the essay, but it also needs to be the attention grabber.

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Introduction is the real intro of your EE (where you put background info, introduce your RQ, explain the significance of your topic, explain why your topic is worthy of investigation).

Abstract comes before intro, but is written AFTER you finish writing the whole EE. it explains what the investigation is all about, what you did or the method, your results/conclusion.

some schools have citation style preferences. my school prefer APA and we are told to use APA, so you can't simply ask us. ask your teacher or EE coordinator or EE supervisor or IB coordinator. however the IB accepts any citation style as long as it's done correctly and consistent throughout the essay.

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