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Hello, I have a question. I am gong to have a history exam tomorrow. I am on higher level so that we have some options but I would like to ask to be extremely sure which topics could appear tomorrow. Our teacher chose route two so the 20th century world history. From these we have topic 1: "Causes, practices and effects of the wars" and topic 3: "Origins and development of authoritarian and single-party states". Does anyone know or have history guide/syllabus and could give me an advice which material for the detailed study according to this new syllabus is compulsory? (as we heard that his changed some time ago)? I know that Hitler and World War I and II can appear. What other themes can I meet tomorrow on paper 2? Please. I would be very grateful for that.

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This is from the 2010 syllabus found on the site, I haven't heard anything about it changing since then.

Topic 1: Causes, practices and effects of wars

War was a major feature of the 20th century. In this topic the different types of war should be identified, and the causes, practices and effects of these conflicts should be studied.

Major themes

Different types and nature of 20th century warfare

• Civil

• Guerrilla

• Limited war, total war

Origins and causes of wars

• Long-term, short-term and immediate causes

• Economic, ideological, political, religious causes

Nature of 20th century wars

• Technological developments, tactics and strategies, air, land

and sea

• Home front: economic and social impact (including changes in

the role and status of women)

• Resistance and revolutionary movements

Effects and results of wars

• Peace settlements and wars ending without treaties

• Attempts at collective security pre- and post-Second World War

• Political repercussions and territorial changes

• Post-war economic problems

Material for detailed study

• First World War (1914‑8)

• Second World War (1939‑45)

• Africa: Algerian War (1954‑62), Nigerian Civil War (1967‑70)

• Americas: Falklands/Malvinas war (1982), Nicaraguan Revolution (1976‑9)

• Asia and Oceania: Indo-Pakistan wars (1947‑9, 1965, 1971), Chinese Civil War (1927‑37 and 1946‑9)

• Europe and Middle East: Spanish Civil War (1936‑9), Iran–Iraq war (1980‑88), Gulf War (1991)

Topic 3: Origins and development of authoritarian and single-party states

The 20th century produced many authoritarian and single-party states. The origins, ideology, form of government, organization, nature and impact of these regimes should be studied.

Major themes

Origins and nature of authoritarian and single-party states

• Conditions that produced authoritarian and single-party states

• Emergence of leaders: aims, ideology, support

• Totalitarianism: the aim and the extent to which it was achieved

Establishment of authoritarian and single party states

• Methods: force, legal

• Form of government, (left- and right-wing) ideology

• Nature, extent and treatment of opposition

Domestic policies and impact

• Structure and organization of government and administration

• Political, economic, social and religious policies

• Role of education, the arts, the media, propaganda

• Status of women, treatment of religious groups and minorities

Material for detailed study

• Africa: Kenya—Kenyatta; Tanzania—Nyerere

• Americas: Argentina—Perón; Cuba—Castro

• Asia and Oceania: China—Mao; Indonesia—Sukarno

• Europe and the Middle East: Germany—Hitler; USSR—Stalin; Egypt—Nasser

I believe that "Material for detailed study" means that they can be named on the paper - so you might get a question specifically about the rise of Hitler, or one about the rise of a right wing leader where you could write about Hitler, Mussolini, Franco etc.

(side note, but I'm doing the same options as you :))

Edited by albuhay

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